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Monorchidia in dogs

What does monarchy in dogs? How do you detect? What are his consequences, and what are the remedies?


Monorchidia is the presence of a single testicle in place in the scholarships; the other has not migrated properly or has not developed at all. In the first case, the ectopic testicle can have remained in the abdomen, or in the hollow of the groin or under the skin near the scrotum. In the second case, it is also spoken of as aniridia or testicular agenesis.

When both tests are not in place in the scholarships, we are talking about cryptorchid.

How is a monorchidie diagnosed;?

A dog is said monorchide when one pays only one testicle in his scholarships. Generally, it is the veterinarian who realizes it in the puppy during a clinical examination, during a vaccine consultation. The anomaly can also be easily seen, without the need for palpation, in large format dogs.

Normally, the testicles must be in place in the scholarships from the 5th day of the life of the puppy. But in some animals, the migration of the testes of the abdomen to the scrotum takes a little more time and is between their 2nd and 3rd month. On the other hand, it is considered that no testicular migration can be made beyond the age of 6 months, and it is only from this age that the diagnosis of certainty can be posed.

Monorchidia, like cryptorchidism, is a guardian vice in dogs. The law provides for a full refund by the buyer’s farmer if the latter acquires a dog with this anomaly. Yes, but in theory only. Because the buyer at 30 days after the transaction to initiate an action as a guarantee of the projection vices. While the anomaly can only be declared from the six months of the dog and that most of the puppies are purchased at the age of 2 months, however, it is still possible to go through compliance with the Consumer Code if the legal time is exceeded.

Monorchidia of the dog What are the consequences?

Monorchidia in the dog has several consequences.

It prevents confirmation from a purebred dog. The absence of one or two tests in the dog is an elimination defect during a confirmation session and therefore opposes the delivery of the pedigree.

The reproduction of a monorchide dog is biologically possible (the unique testicle descended in his scholarship is functional), but it is strongly notified because of the hereditary character of this anomaly.

It exposes the dog to an increased risk of suffering from testicular torsion and to develop a testicular or prostatic tumour, and other symptoms related to excessive production of sexual hormones by the testicle remained in the abdominal position and/or tumour.

Monorchidia of the dog: What are the remedies?

Faced with the medical risks of a monorchid dog, it is necessary to cast up to eliminate these risks. The veterinarian will then attempt to surgically remove the two testicles after taking imaging tests to accurately locate the location of the ectopic testicle.

There are also hormonal and surgical treatments to lower the testicle in the scrotum but they controversial and judged ineffective.


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